If you’ve been wondering what marijuana terpenes are, you’re not alone. Many people are confused about what they are and how they’re different from cannabinoids.
Terpenes are strong smelling oils produced in the same glands as cannabinoids. They play a big role in determining how the cannabis flowers smells and tastes. The terpenes are responsible for the citrus, pine and berry smells and flavors that come from cannabis.
As of this writing, there are over 100 different terpenes.
Terpenes are also known to provide medicinal effects too. They work synergistically with cannabinoids and other compounds found in the marijuana plant. How so? They imitate compounds naturally produced by our own body. These compounds are called endocannabinoids.
“This synergy has a scientific basis in our body’s endocannabinoid system. THC binds to receptors concentrated most heavily in the brain where psychoactive effects take place. Terpenes also bind to these receptor sites and affect their chemical output. They can also modify how much THC passes through the blood-brain barrier. Their hand of influence even reaches to neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin by altering their rate of production and destruction, their movement, and availability of receptors.
The effects these mechanisms produce vary from terpene to terpene; some are especially successful in relieving stress, while others promote focus and acuity. Myrcene, for example, induces sleep whereas limonene elevates mood. There are also effects that are imperceptible, like the gastroprotective properties of Caryophyllene...”
Check out the informative Leafly video below or read more about terpenes here.